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中共中央 國務院關于全面推進鄉村振興加快農業農村現代化的意見

來源:廣州環渝(yu)能源科技有(you)限公司    日期:2021-04-14    訪問量(liang):11

(轉發)

中共中央 國務院
關于全面推進鄉村振興(xing)加快(kuai)農(nong)業(ye)農(nong)村現代(dai)化的意見
(2021年(nian)1月4日)

黨的(de)十九屆五(wu)中(zhong)全會審議(yi)通過(guo)的(de)《中(zhong)共中(zhong)央關于制定國民經濟和社會發(fa)展第十四個(ge)五(wu)年規(gui)劃和二〇三五(wu)年遠景目標的(de)建議(yi)》,對新發(fa)展階(jie)段優先發(fa)展農業農村、全面推進鄉村振興作(zuo)出總體(ti)部署,為做好當(dang)前(qian)和今后一個(ge)時期“三農”工作(zuo)指明了方向。

“十三(san)五”時(shi)期(qi),現代農(nong)業建設取(qu)得(de)重大進(jin)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振興實(shi)現良(liang)好開局。糧(liang)食年產(chan)量連續保持在1.3萬(wan)億斤以上,農(nong)民人(ren)均收入較2010年翻一番多(duo)。新(xin)時(shi)代脫貧攻堅(jian)目標(biao)任務如期(qi)完(wan)成(cheng),現行標(biao)準下(xia)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)貧困人(ren)口全部(bu)脫貧,貧困縣(xian)全部(bu)摘帽,易地扶貧搬遷(qian)任務全面完(wan)成(cheng),消除了(le)絕對貧困和(he)(he)區域性(xing)整體貧困,創(chuang)造了(le)人(ren)類(lei)減貧史上的(de)(de)奇跡。農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)人(ren)居(ju)環境明顯(xian)改善(shan),農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)改革(ge)向(xiang)縱深(shen)推進(jin),農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)社會保持和(he)(he)諧穩(wen)定(ding),農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)即將同步實(shi)現全面建成(cheng)小康社會目標(biao)。農(nong)業農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)取(qu)得(de)新(xin)的(de)(de)歷史性(xing)成(cheng)就(jiu),為黨和(he)(he)國家戰勝各種艱難(nan)險(xian)阻(zu)、穩(wen)定(ding)經濟社會發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)大局,發(fa)揮了(le)“壓艙石”作用。實(shi)踐(jian)證明,以習近平同志為核心的(de)(de)黨中央馳(chi)而(er)不(bu)息重農(nong)強(qiang)農(nong)的(de)(de)戰略決策(ce)完(wan)全正確,黨的(de)(de)“三(san)農(nong)”政(zheng)策(ce)得(de)到億萬(wan)農(nong)民衷(zhong)心擁護。

“十四五”時期(qi),是乘勢(shi)而上開啟全(quan)(quan)面建設社會主(zhu)義(yi)現(xian)代化國家新(xin)征程、向第二個(ge)百年奮斗目標進軍的第一(yi)個(ge)五年。民(min)族要(yao)復(fu)(fu)興(xing),鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)必振(zhen)興(xing)。全(quan)(quan)面建設社會主(zhu)義(yi)現(xian)代化國家,實(shi)現(xian)中(zhong)華(hua)民(min)族偉(wei)大(da)復(fu)(fu)興(xing),*艱巨*繁重(zhong)的任務依(yi)然(ran)(ran)在(zai)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun),*廣泛(fan)*深厚(hou)的基(ji)礎(chu)依(yi)然(ran)(ran)在(zai)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)。解(jie)決好(hao)發(fa)展不(bu)平衡不(bu)充分問題,重(zhong)點難(nan)點在(zai)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”,迫(po)切(qie)(qie)需要(yao)補齊農(nong)(nong)業農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)短板弱項(xiang),推動(dong)城鄉(xiang)協(xie)調發(fa)展;構(gou)建新(xin)發(fa)展格局,潛力后(hou)勁(jing)在(zai)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”,迫(po)切(qie)(qie)需要(yao)擴大(da)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)需求,暢(chang)通城鄉(xiang)經濟循環;應對國內外各種風險挑戰(zhan),基(ji)礎(chu)支撐在(zai)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”,迫(po)切(qie)(qie)需要(yao)穩住(zhu)農(nong)(nong)業基(ji)本盤,守好(hao)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”基(ji)礎(chu)。黨中(zhong)央(yang)認為,新(xin)發(fa)展階段“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”工作(zuo)(zuo)依(yi)然(ran)(ran)極端(duan)重(zhong)要(yao),須(xu)臾(yu)不(bu)可放松,務必抓(zhua)緊抓(zhua)實(shi)。要(yao)堅持(chi)把解(jie)決好(hao)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)”問題作(zuo)(zuo)為全(quan)(quan)黨工作(zuo)(zuo)重(zhong)中(zhong)之重(zhong),把全(quan)(quan)面推進鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)作(zuo)(zuo)為實(shi)現(xian)中(zhong)華(hua)民(min)族偉(wei)大(da)復(fu)(fu)興(xing)的一(yi)項(xiang)重(zhong)大(da)任務,舉全(quan)(quan)黨全(quan)(quan)社會之力加快農(nong)(nong)業農(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)現(xian)代化,讓廣大(da)農(nong)(nong)民(min)過(guo)上更加美(mei)好(hao)的生活。

一、總體要求

(一(yi)(yi))指(zhi)導思想。以習近平(ping)新時(shi)代(dai)中(zhong)國特色(se)社(she)(she)會主(zhu)義(yi)思想為(wei)指(zhi)導,全(quan)(quan)面(mian)(mian)貫徹(che)(che)黨的(de)十九大(da)和十九屆(jie)二中(zhong)、三(san)中(zhong)、四(si)中(zhong)、五中(zhong)全(quan)(quan)會精神,貫徹(che)(che)落實(shi)(shi)中(zhong)央經(jing)濟工(gong)作會議精神,統(tong)籌推(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin)“五位(wei)一(yi)(yi)體”總(zong)體布(bu)局(ju),協調推(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin)“四(si)個全(quan)(quan)面(mian)(mian)”戰略布(bu)局(ju),堅定不移(yi)貫徹(che)(che)新發(fa)展(zhan)理念,堅持穩中(zhong)求(qiu)進(jin)(jin)(jin)工(gong)作總(zong)基(ji)(ji)調,堅持加(jia)強黨對(dui)“三(san)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)”工(gong)作的(de)全(quan)(quan)面(mian)(mian)領(ling)導,堅持農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)優先(xian)發(fa)展(zhan),堅持農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)現(xian)(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)與農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)現(xian)(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)一(yi)(yi)體設計、一(yi)(yi)并推(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin),堅持創新驅動發(fa)展(zhan),以推(tui)動高質量發(fa)展(zhan)為(wei)主(zhu)題,統(tong)籌發(fa)展(zhan)和安全(quan)(quan),落實(shi)(shi)加(jia)快構(gou)建(jian)新發(fa)展(zhan)格局(ju)要求(qiu),鞏固和完善(shan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)(ji)本經(jing)營制度,深入推(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)供(gong)給側(ce)結構(gou)性改革,把鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設擺在社(she)(she)會主(zhu)義(yi)現(xian)(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)建(jian)設的(de)重要位(wei)置,全(quan)(quan)面(mian)(mian)推(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin)鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)產業(ye)(ye)、人才、文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)、生(sheng)態(tai)、組(zu)織振興,充分(fen)發(fa)揮農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)產品供(gong)給、生(sheng)態(tai)屏(ping)障、文(wen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)傳承等功能(neng),走中(zhong)國特色(se)社(she)(she)會主(zhu)義(yi)鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振興道路,加(jia)快農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)現(xian)(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua),加(jia)快形(xing)成工(gong)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)互(hu)(hu)促(cu)、城鄉(xiang)互(hu)(hu)補、協調發(fa)展(zhan)、共同繁(fan)榮的(de)新型(xing)工(gong)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)城鄉(xiang)關系,促(cu)進(jin)(jin)(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)高質高效、鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)宜居宜業(ye)(ye)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民富裕富足,為(wei)全(quan)(quan)面(mian)(mian)建(jian)設社(she)(she)會主(zhu)義(yi)現(xian)(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)國家開好局(ju)、起好步提供(gong)有力支撐(cheng)。

(二)目標任務。2021年,農(nong)(nong)業供給側結(jie)構性改革(ge)深入推進(jin),糧食播種面積保(bao)持穩(wen)(wen)(wen)定、產(chan)量達到(dao)1.3萬億斤以上,生豬(zhu)產(chan)業平(ping)穩(wen)(wen)(wen)發(fa)展,農(nong)(nong)產(chan)品質量和食品安全水平(ping)進(jin)一步提高,農(nong)(nong)民收入增長繼續快于城鎮居(ju)民,脫(tuo)貧(pin)攻堅(jian)成果持續鞏固(gu)。農(nong)(nong)業農(nong)(nong)村現代化(hua)規劃啟動實施,脫(tuo)貧(pin)攻堅(jian)政(zheng)策體系和工作機制同鄉村振興有(you)效銜接、平(ping)穩(wen)(wen)(wen)過渡,鄉村建設行動全面啟動,農(nong)(nong)村人居(ju)環境整治提升(sheng),農(nong)(nong)村改革(ge)重(zhong)點(dian)任務深入推進(jin),農(nong)(nong)村社會(hui)保(bao)持和諧穩(wen)(wen)(wen)定。

到(dao)(dao)2025年,農(nong)業(ye)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)取得重要進(jin)展(zhan)(zhan),農(nong)業(ye)基(ji)礎(chu)設(she)施現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)邁上新(xin)臺階(jie),農(nong)村(cun)(cun)生活(huo)設(she)施便利化(hua)初步實(shi)現(xian),城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)基(ji)本(ben)公共服(fu)務均等化(hua)水(shui)平明顯(xian)(xian)提(ti)高。農(nong)業(ye)基(ji)礎(chu)更(geng)加(jia)穩固,糧食(shi)和(he)重要農(nong)產(chan)品供應保障(zhang)更(geng)加(jia)有(you)力,農(nong)業(ye)生產(chan)結構和(he)區(qu)域布局明顯(xian)(xian)優化(hua),農(nong)業(ye)質量效益和(he)競爭力明顯(xian)(xian)提(ti)升,現(xian)代(dai)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)產(chan)業(ye)體(ti)系基(ji)本(ben)形(xing)成(cheng),有(you)條件的地區(qu)率(lv)先基(ji)本(ben)實(shi)現(xian)農(nong)業(ye)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)。脫貧攻堅成(cheng)果鞏固拓(tuo)展(zhan)(zhan),城(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)居(ju)民收入差距持續(xu)縮小。農(nong)村(cun)(cun)生產(chan)生活(huo)方式綠色轉型(xing)取得積(ji)極進(jin)展(zhan)(zhan),化(hua)肥農(nong)藥(yao)使(shi)用(yong)量持續(xu)減(jian)少,農(nong)村(cun)(cun)生態(tai)環境得到(dao)(dao)明顯(xian)(xian)改善。鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)建設(she)行(xing)動取得明顯(xian)(xian)成(cheng)效,鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)面貌(mao)發生顯(xian)(xian)著變化(hua),鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)發展(zhan)(zhan)活(huo)力充分激(ji)發,鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)文(wen)明程度得到(dao)(dao)新(xin)提(ti)升,農(nong)村(cun)(cun)發展(zhan)(zhan)安全保障(zhang)更(geng)加(jia)有(you)力,農(nong)民獲得感(gan)、幸福感(gan)、安全感(gan)明顯(xian)(xian)提(ti)高。

二、實現鞏(gong)固拓展脫貧攻堅成果同鄉村振興有效銜(xian)接

(三(san))設立銜(xian)接過(guo)渡(du)期(qi)(qi)。脫(tuo)貧攻堅目標任務完成后(hou),對(dui)擺脫(tuo)貧困的縣(xian),從脫(tuo)貧之日起設立5年(nian)過(guo)渡(du)期(qi)(qi),做到扶(fu)上馬送一程(cheng)。過(guo)渡(du)期(qi)(qi)內保(bao)持(chi)現有(you)主要幫扶(fu)政策(ce)總體穩定,并逐(zhu)項(xiang)分類優(you)化調整,合理把握節奏、力度(du)和時(shi)限,逐(zhu)步實現由集中(zhong)資源支持(chi)脫(tuo)貧攻堅向全面推進鄉村(cun)振興平(ping)穩過(guo)渡(du),推動“三(san)農(nong)”工作(zuo)重心歷(li)史性轉移。抓(zhua)緊出(chu)臺各項(xiang)政策(ce)完善優(you)化的具體實施辦(ban)法,確保(bao)工作(zuo)不留空檔、政策(ce)不留空白。

(四)持續(xu)鞏固拓展(zhan)脫貧(pin)(pin)攻堅(jian)成(cheng)果(guo)。健(jian)全防止返貧(pin)(pin)動態監(jian)測和幫(bang)扶(fu)機(ji)制,對易返貧(pin)(pin)致貧(pin)(pin)人口及(ji)時發現、及(ji)時幫(bang)扶(fu),守(shou)住防止規模(mo)性返貧(pin)(pin)底線。以大中型(xing)集(ji)中安置(zhi)區(qu)(qu)為(wei)重點(dian),扎實做好易地搬遷后續(xu)幫(bang)扶(fu)工(gong)作,持續(xu)加大就業(ye)和產業(ye)扶(fu)持力度,繼續(xu)完善(shan)安置(zhi)區(qu)(qu)配套(tao)(tao)基礎設(she)施、產業(ye)園區(qu)(qu)配套(tao)(tao)設(she)施、公共服務設(she)施,切實提升(sheng)社區(qu)(qu)治理能力。加強(qiang)扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)項(xiang)目資產管理和監(jian)督。

(五)接續推(tui)進(jin)(jin)脫貧(pin)地(di)區(qu)(qu)鄉村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興。實施(shi)脫貧(pin)地(di)區(qu)(qu)特色種(zhong)養(yang)業提升(sheng)行動,廣泛開展(zhan)農(nong)產品(pin)產銷(xiao)對接活動,深化拓展(zhan)消費幫扶。持續做好(hao)有組(zu)織勞務(wu)輸出(chu)工(gong)作。統籌用好(hao)公益崗位,對符合條件的就(jiu)業困(kun)難人(ren)(ren)員進(jin)(jin)行就(jiu)業援助。在農(nong)業農(nong)村(cun)(cun)基礎設施(shi)建設領域推(tui)廣以工(gong)代賑方式,吸納(na)更多脫貧(pin)人(ren)(ren)口和(he)低收入人(ren)(ren)口就(jiu)地(di)就(jiu)近就(jiu)業。在脫貧(pin)地(di)區(qu)(qu)重(zhong)(zhong)點(dian)建設一(yi)批區(qu)(qu)域性(xing)和(he)跨區(qu)(qu)域重(zhong)(zhong)大基礎設施(shi)工(gong)程。加大對脫貧(pin)縣鄉村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興支(zhi)持力度。在西部(bu)(bu)地(di)區(qu)(qu)脫貧(pin)縣中確定一(yi)批國(guo)家(jia)鄉村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興重(zhong)(zhong)點(dian)幫扶縣集中支(zhi)持。支(zhi)持各地(di)自主選擇(ze)部(bu)(bu)分(fen)脫貧(pin)縣作為鄉村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興重(zhong)(zhong)點(dian)幫扶縣。堅持和(he)完善(shan)東西部(bu)(bu)協作和(he)對口支(zhi)援、社會力量參(can)與幫扶等機制。

(六)加(jia)強農(nong)(nong)村(cun)低收入(ru)人(ren)(ren)口(kou)(kou)常態(tai)化幫扶。開展(zhan)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)低收入(ru)人(ren)(ren)口(kou)(kou)動態(tai)監測,實行分層分類幫扶。對(dui)有勞(lao)動能力的農(nong)(nong)村(cun)低收入(ru)人(ren)(ren)口(kou)(kou),堅(jian)持開發(fa)式幫扶,幫助其提高內生發(fa)展(zhan)能力,發(fa)展(zhan)產(chan)業、參與就(jiu)業,依(yi)靠雙手勤勞(lao)致富。對(dui)脫貧人(ren)(ren)口(kou)(kou)中(zhong)喪(sang)失(shi)勞(lao)動能力且無(wu)法通過產(chan)業就(jiu)業獲得穩(wen)定(ding)收入(ru)的人(ren)(ren)口(kou)(kou),以現有社會保(bao)障體(ti)系為基(ji)礎,按規定(ding)納入(ru)農(nong)(nong)村(cun)低保(bao)或特困人(ren)(ren)員救助供養范(fan)圍,并按困難類型(xing)及時給予專項救助、臨時救助。

三(san)、加快(kuai)推進農(nong)業現(xian)代化

(七)提升糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)和(he)(he)(he)重要(yao)農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)供(gong)給保(bao)障(zhang)能(neng)力。地方各級黨委和(he)(he)(he)政府要(yao)切實扛起糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)(an)全(quan)政治(zhi)責任,實行糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)(an)全(quan)黨政同(tong)責。深入(ru)實施(shi)重要(yao)農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)保(bao)障(zhang)戰略(lve),完善(shan)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)(an)全(quan)省長(chang)責任制和(he)(he)(he)“菜籃(lan)子”市長(chang)負(fu)責制,確保(bao)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)、棉、油、糖、肉等供(gong)給安(an)(an)全(quan)。“十四五”時期各省(自治(zhi)區、直轄市)要(yao)穩(wen)定(ding)(ding)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)播種(zhong)面積(ji)、提高(gao)單產(chan)(chan)水平。加(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan)功能(neng)區和(he)(he)(he)重要(yao)農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan)保(bao)護(hu)區建(jian)設。建(jian)設國家(jia)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)(an)全(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)帶。穩(wen)定(ding)(ding)種(zhong)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)農(nong)(nong)民補(bu)(bu)貼,讓種(zhong)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)有合理收(shou)益。堅持(chi)(chi)(chi)并完善(shan)稻(dao)谷(gu)、小麥(mai)*低(di)收(shou)購價政策(ce)(ce),完善(shan)玉(yu)米(mi)(mi)、大豆(dou)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan)者補(bu)(bu)貼政策(ce)(ce)。深入(ru)推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)結構調整,推(tui)(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)(dong)品(pin)(pin)種(zhong)培優(you)、品(pin)(pin)質提升、品(pin)(pin)牌打(da)造和(he)(he)(he)標準(zhun)化(hua)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan)。鼓勵發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)青貯玉(yu)米(mi)(mi)等優(you)質飼(si)(si)草飼(si)(si)料,穩(wen)定(ding)(ding)大豆(dou)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan),多措并舉發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)油菜、花生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)等油料作物。健全(quan)產(chan)(chan)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)大縣支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)政策(ce)(ce)體系。擴大稻(dao)谷(gu)、小麥(mai)、玉(yu)米(mi)(mi)三大糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)作物完全(quan)成本保(bao)險(xian)和(he)(he)(he)收(shou)入(ru)保(bao)險(xian)試點范圍,支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)有條件(jian)的省份降(jiang)低(di)產(chan)(chan)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)大縣三大糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)作物農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)保(bao)險(xian)保(bao)費縣級補(bu)(bu)貼比例。深入(ru)推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin)優(you)質糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)程(cheng)。加(jia)快構建(jian)現代養殖(zhi)體系,保(bao)護(hu)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)豬(zhu)基(ji)礎產(chan)(chan)能(neng),健全(quan)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)豬(zhu)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)平穩(wen)有序發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)長(chang)效機制,積(ji)極發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)牛羊產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye),繼(ji)續(xu)實施(shi)奶業(ye)(ye)振(zhen)興行動(dong)(dong)(dong),推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin)水產(chan)(chan)綠色健康(kang)養殖(zhi)。推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)(jin)漁港(gang)建(jian)設和(he)(he)(he)管理改革。促(cu)進(jin)(jin)(jin)木本糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)油和(he)(he)(he)林下經濟發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)。優(you)化(hua)農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)貿(mao)易布局,實施(shi)農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)進(jin)(jin)(jin)口多元(yuan)化(hua)戰略(lve),支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)企業(ye)(ye)融(rong)入(ru)全(quan)球農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)供(gong)應鏈。保(bao)持(chi)(chi)(chi)打(da)擊(ji)重點農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)走私高(gao)壓態勢。加(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)口岸檢疫和(he)(he)(he)外來入(ru)侵物種(zhong)防控。開展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)節約(yue)行動(dong)(dong)(dong),減(jian)少生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)產(chan)(chan)、流通(tong)、加(jia)工(gong)、存儲(chu)、消費環節糧(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)損(sun)耗浪費。

(八(ba))打好種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)翻身仗。農業(ye)(ye)(ye)現(xian)代化(hua),種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)子是基礎(chu)。加(jia)強(qiang)農業(ye)(ye)(ye)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)質(zhi)資源(yuan)保(bao)護開發利用,加(jia)快第(di)三次(ci)農作物(wu)(wu)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)質(zhi)資源(yuan)、畜(chu)禽種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)質(zhi)資源(yuan)調(diao)查(cha)收集(ji),加(jia)強(qiang)國家作物(wu)(wu)、畜(chu)禽和海洋(yang)漁業(ye)(ye)(ye)生物(wu)(wu)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)質(zhi)資源(yuan)庫建(jian)設。對育(yu)(yu)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)基礎(chu)性研究以及重點(dian)育(yu)(yu)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)項(xiang)目(mu)給予長期穩定支持。加(jia)快實施(shi)農業(ye)(ye)(ye)生物(wu)(wu)育(yu)(yu)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)重大(da)科(ke)技項(xiang)目(mu)。深入(ru)實施(shi)農作物(wu)(wu)和畜(chu)禽良種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)聯合(he)攻關(guan)。實施(shi)新(xin)一(yi)輪畜(chu)禽遺傳改良計劃和現(xian)代種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)提升工程。尊重科(ke)學(xue)、嚴格監(jian)管(guan),有序推進生物(wu)(wu)育(yu)(yu)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)應用。加(jia)強(qiang)育(yu)(yu)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)領域知(zhi)識產(chan)權(quan)保(bao)護。支持種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)龍(long)頭企業(ye)(ye)(ye)建(jian)立健全商業(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)育(yu)(yu)種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)體系,加(jia)快建(jian)設南繁硅谷(gu),加(jia)強(qiang)制種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)基地(di)和良種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)繁育(yu)(yu)體系建(jian)設,研究重大(da)品種(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)研發與推廣后補助政(zheng)策,促進育(yu)(yu)繁推一(yi)體化(hua)發展。

(九)堅(jian)決(jue)守住18億畝(mu)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)紅線。統籌(chou)布(bu)局生(sheng)態(tai)、農(nong)(nong)業、城鎮等(deng)功能空間,科學劃(hua)定各類空間管(guan)(guan)(guan)控(kong)邊(bian)界,嚴(yan)(yan)格(ge)實行土地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)用(yong)途管(guan)(guan)(guan)制(zhi)。采(cai)取“長牙齒”的措施(shi),落實*嚴(yan)(yan)格(ge)的耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)保(bao)護(hu)制(zhi)度(du)。嚴(yan)(yan)禁違(wei)規(gui)(gui)占(zhan)(zhan)用(yong)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)和(he)(he)(he)違(wei)背自然(ran)規(gui)(gui)律綠化造林、挖(wa)湖造景,嚴(yan)(yan)格(ge)控(kong)制(zhi)非(fei)(fei)農(nong)(nong)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)占(zhan)(zhan)用(yong)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di),深入(ru)推進農(nong)(nong)村(cun)亂(luan)占(zhan)(zhan)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)建(jian)(jian)房專項整治行動,堅(jian)決(jue)遏制(zhi)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)“非(fei)(fei)農(nong)(nong)化”、防(fang)止“非(fei)(fei)糧(liang)化”。明(ming)確耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)利用(yong)優先(xian)序,永久基本農(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)(tian)重點(dian)用(yong)于糧(liang)食特別(bie)是口糧(liang)生(sheng)產,一般(ban)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)主要用(yong)于糧(liang)食和(he)(he)(he)棉、油、糖、蔬菜等(deng)農(nong)(nong)產品及(ji)飼草(cao)飼料生(sheng)產。明(ming)確耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)和(he)(he)(he)永久基本農(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)(tian)不(bu)同的管(guan)(guan)(guan)制(zhi)目標(biao)(biao)和(he)(he)(he)管(guan)(guan)(guan)制(zhi)強度(du),嚴(yan)(yan)格(ge)控(kong)制(zhi)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)轉(zhuan)為(wei)(wei)林地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)、園地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)等(deng)其他(ta)類型農(nong)(nong)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di),強化土地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)流轉(zhuan)用(yong)途監(jian)管(guan)(guan)(guan),確保(bao)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)數量(liang)不(bu)減少(shao)、質量(liang)有提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)。實施(shi)新一輪高(gao)(gao)(gao)標(biao)(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)農(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)規(gui)(gui)劃(hua),提(ti)高(gao)(gao)(gao)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)標(biao)(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)和(he)(he)(he)質量(liang),健(jian)全管(guan)(guan)(guan)護(hu)機制(zhi),多渠道籌(chou)集(ji)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)資(zi)金,中(zhong)央和(he)(he)(he)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)方共同加大糧(liang)食主產區高(gao)(gao)(gao)標(biao)(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)農(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)投(tou)入(ru),2021年建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)1億畝(mu)旱(han)澇(lao)保(bao)收、高(gao)(gao)(gao)產穩產高(gao)(gao)(gao)標(biao)(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)農(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)(tian)。在高(gao)(gao)(gao)標(biao)(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)農(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)中(zhong)增(zeng)加的耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)作為(wei)(wei)占(zhan)(zhan)補平衡(heng)補充耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)指(zhi)標(biao)(biao)在省域內調劑,所得(de)收益用(yong)于高(gao)(gao)(gao)標(biao)(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)農(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)。加強和(he)(he)(he)改進建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)占(zhan)(zhan)用(yong)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)占(zhan)(zhan)補平衡(heng)管(guan)(guan)(guan)理(li),嚴(yan)(yan)格(ge)新增(zeng)耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)核實認定和(he)(he)(he)監(jian)管(guan)(guan)(guan)。健(jian)全耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)數量(liang)和(he)(he)(he)質量(liang)監(jian)測監(jian)管(guan)(guan)(guan)機制(zhi),加強耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)保(bao)護(hu)督(du)察和(he)(he)(he)執(zhi)法監(jian)督(du),開展“十三五(wu)”時期省級(ji)政府耕(geng)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)保(bao)護(hu)責(ze)任(ren)目標(biao)(biao)考(kao)核。

(十)強化(hua)現代(dai)農(nong)(nong)業科技(ji)和物質裝備支撐(cheng)。實施大中型灌區(qu)續建配套和現代(dai)化(hua)改(gai)造(zao)(zao)。到2025年全部(bu)完成現有病險水庫(ku)除(chu)險加(jia)固。堅(jian)持(chi)農(nong)(nong)業科技(ji)自(zi)立自(zi)強,完善農(nong)(nong)業科技(ji)領域基礎研(yan)究穩定支持(chi)機制(zhi),深(shen)化(hua)體制(zhi)改(gai)革,布(bu)局建設一批創(chuang)新(xin)基地(di)平臺(tai)。深(shen)入開展鄉(xiang)村振(zhen)興科技(ji)支撐(cheng)行動。支持(chi)高校為(wei)鄉(xiang)村振(zhen)興提(ti)供智力服(fu)務(wu)(wu)。加(jia)強農(nong)(nong)業科技(ji)社會(hui)化(hua)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)體系建設,深(shen)入推行科技(ji)特派員制(zhi)度。打造(zao)(zao)國家熱帶農(nong)(nong)業科學(xue)中心。提(ti)高農(nong)(nong)機裝備自(zi)主研(yan)制(zhi)能(neng)(neng)力,支持(chi)高端智能(neng)(neng)、丘陵山區(qu)農(nong)(nong)機裝備研(yan)發制(zhi)造(zao)(zao),加(jia)大購置(zhi)補(bu)貼(tie)力度,開展農(nong)(nong)機作業補(bu)貼(tie)。強化(hua)動物防疫和農(nong)(nong)作物病蟲害防治體系建設,提(ti)升防控(kong)能(neng)(neng)力。

(十一)構建(jian)現(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)鄉(xiang)村產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)。依托鄉(xiang)村特(te)色優勢(shi)資(zi)源(yuan),打(da)造(zao)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)全(quan)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian),把(ba)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)主體(ti)(ti)留(liu)在縣城,讓農(nong)(nong)民更多分享產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)增值(zhi)收益(yi)。加快健全(quan)現(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)全(quan)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)標(biao)準體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi),推(tui)動(dong)新型農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)經營主體(ti)(ti)按標(biao)生產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan),培育農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)龍頭企(qi)(qi)業(ye)(ye)標(biao)準“領跑(pao)者”。立足縣域布局特(te)色農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)地(di)初加工和(he)精深加工,建(jian)設現(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)園、農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)強(qiang)鎮、優勢(shi)特(te)色產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)集(ji)群。推(tui)進(jin)公益(yi)性(xing)農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)市場和(he)農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)流通骨干(gan)網(wang)絡(luo)建(jian)設。開(kai)發(fa)休閑(xian)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)和(he)鄉(xiang)村旅游(you)精品(pin)線路(lu),完善配套設施。推(tui)進(jin)農(nong)(nong)村一二三產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)融合發(fa)展示(shi)(shi)(shi)范園和(he)科技示(shi)(shi)(shi)范園區(qu)(qu)(qu)建(jian)設。把(ba)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)現(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范區(qu)(qu)(qu)作為(wei)(wei)推(tui)進(jin)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)現(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)的重要抓(zhua)手,圍繞提高(gao)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)、生產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)、經營體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)現(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)水平,建(jian)立指標(biao)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi),加強(qiang)資(zi)源(yuan)整合、政策集(ji)成,以縣(市、區(qu)(qu)(qu))為(wei)(wei)單位開(kai)展創(chuang)建(jian),到2025年創(chuang)建(jian)500個左右示(shi)(shi)(shi)范區(qu)(qu)(qu),形(xing)成梯次推(tui)進(jin)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)現(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)的格局。創(chuang)建(jian)現(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)代(dai)(dai)(dai)林業(ye)(ye)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范區(qu)(qu)(qu)。組織開(kai)展“萬企(qi)(qi)興萬村”行動(dong)。穩步推(tui)進(jin)反映(ying)全(quan)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)價值(zhi)的農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)及相關(guan)產(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)統計核算。

(十二)推進農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)綠(lv)色(se)發展(zhan)。實(shi)施(shi)國(guo)家(jia)黑(hei)土(tu)地(di)保(bao)護工程,推廣保(bao)護性耕(geng)作(zuo)模式。健(jian)全(quan)耕(geng)地(di)休(xiu)耕(geng)輪(lun)作(zuo)制(zhi)度。持續(xu)推進化(hua)(hua)肥農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)藥(yao)減量(liang)增效(xiao),推廣農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)作(zuo)物(wu)病蟲害綠(lv)色(se)防控(kong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)和(he)(he)(he)技術。加強(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)畜禽糞(fen)污(wu)(wu)資源(yuan)(yuan)化(hua)(hua)利(li)用。全(quan)面實(shi)施(shi)秸稈綜(zong)合利(li)用和(he)(he)(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)膜(mo)、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)藥(yao)包裝(zhuang)物(wu)回(hui)收(shou)行動(dong),加強(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)可降解農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)膜(mo)研發推廣。在長(chang)江(jiang)經濟帶、黃河流域建設一批農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)面源(yuan)(yuan)污(wu)(wu)染(ran)綜(zong)合治理(li)示范縣(xian)(xian)。支持國(guo)家(jia)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)綠(lv)色(se)發展(zhan)先行區(qu)建設。加強(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)質量(liang)和(he)(he)(he)食品(pin)(pin)安(an)全(quan)監管,發展(zhan)綠(lv)色(se)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)、有機農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)和(he)(he)(he)地(di)理(li)標志農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin),試行食用農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)達標合格證制(zhi)度,推進國(guo)家(jia)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)質量(liang)安(an)全(quan)縣(xian)(xian)創(chuang)建。加強(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)水生生物(wu)資源(yuan)(yuan)養護,推進以長(chang)江(jiang)為重點的漁政執(zhi)法能力建設,確保(bao)十年禁(jin)漁令有效(xiao)落實(shi),做好退捕漁民(min)安(an)置(zhi)保(bao)障工作(zuo)。發展(zhan)節水農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)和(he)(he)(he)旱(han)作(zuo)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)。推進荒漠(mo)化(hua)(hua)、石漠(mo)化(hua)(hua)、坡(po)耕(geng)地(di)水土(tu)流失綜(zong)合治理(li)和(he)(he)(he)土(tu)壤污(wu)(wu)染(ran)防治、重點區(qu)域地(di)下(xia)水保(bao)護與超采治理(li)。實(shi)施(shi)水系(xi)連通及農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)水系(xi)綜(zong)合整治,強(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)(hua)河湖(hu)長(chang)制(zhi)。鞏固退耕(geng)還(huan)林還(huan)草成果,完(wan)(wan)善(shan)政策、有序推進。實(shi)行林長(chang)制(zhi)。科學(xue)開展(zhan)大規(gui)模國(guo)土(tu)綠(lv)化(hua)(hua)行動(dong)。完(wan)(wan)善(shan)草原(yuan)生態(tai)保(bao)護補助獎勵政策,全(quan)面推進草原(yuan)禁(jin)牧輪(lun)牧休(xiu)牧,加強(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)草原(yuan)鼠害防治,穩步恢復草原(yuan)生態(tai)環境。

(十(shi)三)推進現代農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)經營體系建設。突出抓好家(jia)(jia)庭農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)場(chang)和(he)(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)合(he)作社兩(liang)類經營主(zhu)體,鼓勵發展(zhan)(zhan)多(duo)種形(xing)式適(shi)度規模經營。實施家(jia)(jia)庭農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)場(chang)培(pei)育(yu)(yu)計劃,把農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)規模經營戶培(pei)育(yu)(yu)成有(you)活力的家(jia)(jia)庭農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)場(chang)。推進農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)合(he)作社質量提升,加大對(dui)運行(xing)規范的農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)合(he)作社扶持(chi)力度。發展(zhan)(zhan)壯大農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)專(zhuan)業(ye)(ye)化社會化服(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)組(zu)(zu)織,將(jiang)先進適(shi)用的品(pin)(pin)種、投入(ru)品(pin)(pin)、技術(shu)、裝(zhuang)備導(dao)入(ru)小(xiao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)戶。支(zhi)持(chi)市場(chang)主(zhu)體建設區域性(xing)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)全(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈綜(zong)(zong)合(he)服(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)中(zhong)心(xin)。支(zhi)持(chi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)化龍頭企業(ye)(ye)創(chuang)新(xin)發展(zhan)(zhan)、做大做強。深化供(gong)銷合(he)作社綜(zong)(zong)合(he)改革,開展(zhan)(zhan)生(sheng)產(chan)、供(gong)銷、信用“三位(wei)一體”綜(zong)(zong)合(he)合(he)作試點,健全(quan)服(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)生(sheng)產(chan)生(sheng)活綜(zong)(zong)合(he)平臺。培(pei)育(yu)(yu)高(gao)素質農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min),組(zu)(zu)織參(can)加技能(neng)評價、學歷教育(yu)(yu),設立專(zhuan)門面(mian)向農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)(min)的技能(neng)大賽。吸(xi)引城市各方面(mian)人(ren)才到農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村創(chuang)業(ye)(ye)創(chuang)新(xin),參(can)與鄉村振興和(he)(he)現代農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)建設。

四(si)、大力實施鄉村建設行動

(十四)加(jia)快推(tui)進村(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)工作(zuo)。2021年基(ji)本完(wan)(wan)(wan)成縣級(ji)(ji)國土(tu)空間規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)編(bian)(bian)制(zhi),明確(que)村(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)布局分類(lei)。積極有(you)序推(tui)進“多規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)合一(yi)”實(shi)用(yong)性村(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)編(bian)(bian)制(zhi),對有(you)條件、有(you)需求的村(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)盡(jin)快實(shi)現村(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)全(quan)(quan)覆蓋(gai)。對暫時沒(mei)有(you)編(bian)(bian)制(zhi)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)的村(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang),嚴(yan)格按照縣鄉(xiang)兩(liang)級(ji)(ji)國土(tu)空間規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)中確(que)定的用(yong)途(tu)管制(zhi)和(he)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)管理(li)要(yao)求進行建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)。編(bian)(bian)制(zhi)村(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)要(yao)立(li)足現有(you)基(ji)礎,保(bao)留鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)特色風貌,不搞大拆(chai)大建(jian)(jian)。按照規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)劃(hua)有(you)序開展各項建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she),嚴(yan)肅查(cha)處違(wei)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)亂(luan)建(jian)(jian)行為。健全(quan)(quan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)房(fang)(fang)(fang)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)質量(liang)(liang)安全(quan)(quan)法(fa)律法(fa)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)和(he)監管體制(zhi),3年內完(wan)(wan)(wan)成安全(quan)(quan)隱患排查(cha)整治(zhi)。完(wan)(wan)(wan)善建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)標準和(he)規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)范,提高農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)房(fang)(fang)(fang)設(she)(she)(she)計水平和(he)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)質量(liang)(liang)。繼(ji)續(xu)實(shi)施(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)危房(fang)(fang)(fang)改(gai)造和(he)地震高烈度(du)設(she)(she)(she)防(fang)地區農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)房(fang)(fang)(fang)抗震改(gai)造。加(jia)強村(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)風貌引(yin)導,保(bao)護傳統(tong)村(cun)(cun)落、傳統(tong)民(min)居和(he)歷史(shi)文化名村(cun)(cun)名鎮。加(jia)大農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)地區文化遺產遺跡保(bao)護力(li)度(du)。鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)是為農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)而(er)建(jian)(jian),要(yao)因地制(zhi)宜(yi)、穩(wen)(wen)扎穩(wen)(wen)打,不刮風搞運動。嚴(yan)格規(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)(gui)范村(cun)(cun)莊(zhuang)(zhuang)(zhuang)撤并,不得違(wei)背農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)意愿(yuan)、強迫(po)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)上樓(lou),把好事辦(ban)好、把實(shi)事辦(ban)實(shi)。

(十五)加(jia)(jia)強鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公共(gong)基礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。繼續把公共(gong)基礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)的(de)重(zhong)點(dian)(dian)放在農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),著力(li)推進往村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)覆蓋(gai)、往戶延伸。實(shi)施(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)道路(lu)(lu)暢通(tong)(tong)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)。有序實(shi)施(shi)(shi)較大人口規模自然村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(組)通(tong)(tong)硬化(hua)(hua)(hua)路(lu)(lu)。加(jia)(jia)強農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)資源(yuan)(yuan)路(lu)(lu)、產業(ye)(ye)(ye)路(lu)(lu)、旅游路(lu)(lu)和村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)內(nei)主干道建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。推進農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公路(lu)(lu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)項目更多(duo)向進村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)入戶傾(qing)斜。繼續通(tong)(tong)過中央車購稅補助地(di)(di)方(fang)資金、成品(pin)油稅費改革轉移支(zhi)付、地(di)(di)方(fang)政(zheng)府債(zhai)券等(deng)渠道,按規定(ding)支(zhi)持(chi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)道路(lu)(lu)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。繼續開展(zhan)(zhan)“四好農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)路(lu)(lu)”示(shi)范創建(jian)(jian)(jian)。全(quan)(quan)面實(shi)施(shi)(shi)路(lu)(lu)長制。開展(zhan)(zhan)城(cheng)(cheng)鄉交通(tong)(tong)一(yi)體化(hua)(hua)(hua)示(shi)范創建(jian)(jian)(jian)工(gong)(gong)作。加(jia)(jia)強農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)道路(lu)(lu)橋梁安全(quan)(quan)隱患排查,落實(shi)管養主體責任。強化(hua)(hua)(hua)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)道路(lu)(lu)交通(tong)(tong)安全(quan)(quan)監(jian)管。實(shi)施(shi)(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)供(gong)(gong)水(shui)(shui)保障工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)。加(jia)(jia)強中小型(xing)水(shui)(shui)庫等(deng)穩定(ding)水(shui)(shui)源(yuan)(yuan)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)和水(shui)(shui)源(yuan)(yuan)保護(hu),實(shi)施(shi)(shi)規模化(hua)(hua)(hua)供(gong)(gong)水(shui)(shui)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)和小型(xing)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)標準化(hua)(hua)(hua)改造,有條(tiao)件的(de)地(di)(di)區推進城(cheng)(cheng)鄉供(gong)(gong)水(shui)(shui)一(yi)體化(hua)(hua)(hua),到2025年(nian)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)自來(lai)水(shui)(shui)普(pu)及率(lv)達到88%。完(wan)(wan)善(shan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)水(shui)(shui)價(jia)水(shui)(shui)費形成機制和工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)長效運營(ying)機制。實(shi)施(shi)(shi)鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)清潔能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)。加(jia)(jia)大農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)電網(wang)(wang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)力(li)度(du),全(quan)(quan)面鞏固提升農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)電力(li)保障水(shui)(shui)平。推進燃(ran)氣下鄉,支(zhi)持(chi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)安全(quan)(quan)可靠的(de)鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)儲氣罐站和微管網(wang)(wang)供(gong)(gong)氣系統。發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)生(sheng)物質能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)。加(jia)(jia)強煤炭清潔化(hua)(hua)(hua)利用。實(shi)施(shi)(shi)數(shu)(shu)字鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)。推動(dong)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)千兆光(guang)網(wang)(wang)、第(di)五代移動(dong)通(tong)(tong)信(xin)(5G)、移動(dong)物聯網(wang)(wang)與城(cheng)(cheng)市同(tong)步規劃建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。完(wan)(wan)善(shan)電信(xin)普(pu)遍服(fu)(fu)務(wu)補償(chang)機制,支(zhi)持(chi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)及偏遠地(di)(di)區信(xin)息通(tong)(tong)信(xin)基礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)遙感衛星等(deng)天基設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)。發(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)智(zhi)慧(hui)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye),建(jian)(jian)(jian)立農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)大數(shu)(shu)據體系,推動(dong)新一(yi)代信(xin)息技(ji)術與農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)生(sheng)產經營(ying)深度(du)融合。完(wan)(wan)善(shan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)氣象(xiang)綜合監(jian)測網(wang)(wang)絡,提升農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)氣象(xiang)災害防范能(neng)力(li)。加(jia)(jia)強鄉村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公共(gong)服(fu)(fu)務(wu)、社會治理等(deng)數(shu)(shu)字化(hua)(hua)(hua)智(zhi)能(neng)化(hua)(hua)(hua)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。實(shi)施(shi)(shi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)級綜合服(fu)(fu)務(wu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)提升工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)。加(jia)(jia)強村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)級客(ke)運站點(dian)(dian)、文化(hua)(hua)(hua)體育、公共(gong)照明等(deng)服(fu)(fu)務(wu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。

(十六)實施(shi)農村人(ren)居(ju)環境(jing)整治提升五年行(xing)動(dong)。分類有(you)序推進農村廁(ce)所革命,加(jia)快(kuai)研發(fa)干旱、寒(han)冷(leng)地(di)區衛(wei)(wei)生廁(ce)所適(shi)用(yong)技術和產品,加(jia)強中西部(bu)地(di)區農村戶用(yong)廁(ce)所改(gai)造。統籌(chou)農村改(gai)廁(ce)和污(wu)水(shui)、黑臭(chou)水(shui)體治理,因地(di)制宜建設污(wu)水(shui)處理設施(shi)。健(jian)全農村生活(huo)垃圾(ji)收(shou)運處置體系(xi),推進源頭(tou)分類減量(liang)、資源化(hua)處理利(li)用(yong),建設一批有(you)機廢棄(qi)物綜(zong)合處置利(li)用(yong)設施(shi)。健(jian)全農村人(ren)居(ju)環境(jing)設施(shi)管護機制。有(you)條(tiao)件(jian)的地(di)區推廣城鄉環衛(wei)(wei)一體化(hua)第三(san)方治理。深入(ru)推進村莊清潔(jie)和綠化(hua)行(xing)動(dong)。開展美(mei)(mei)麗宜居(ju)村莊和美(mei)(mei)麗庭院示范創(chuang)建活(huo)動(dong)。

(十七(qi))提(ti)升(sheng)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基本公(gong)(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)水平(ping)。建(jian)立城(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)公(gong)(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)資源(yuan)均(jun)衡配(pei)置機制(zhi)(zhi),強(qiang)化(hua)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基本公(gong)(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)供給(gei)縣(xian)(xian)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)統(tong)籌,逐(zhu)步實(shi)(shi)(shi)現標準統(tong)一(yi)、制(zhi)(zhi)度并軌。提(ti)高(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)質(zhi)量(liang)(liang),多渠道增加(jia)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)普惠(hui)(hui)性學前(qian)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)資源(yuan)供給(gei),繼續改(gai)善(shan)(shan)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)鎮(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)寄宿制(zhi)(zhi)學校(xiao)辦(ban)學條件(jian),保(bao)留并辦(ban)好必要的(de)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)小規模學校(xiao),在(zai)縣(xian)(xian)城(cheng)和(he)(he)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)鎮(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)新(xin)建(jian)改(gai)擴建(jian)一(yi)批高(gao)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)和(he)(he)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)等(deng)職(zhi)業(ye)學校(xiao)。完善(shan)(shan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)特殊教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)保(bao)障機制(zhi)(zhi)。推(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)縣(xian)(xian)域(yu)內義務(wu)(wu)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)學校(xiao)校(xiao)長教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)師交(jiao)流輪崗,支持(chi)建(jian)設(she)(she)城(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)學校(xiao)共(gong)(gong)(gong)同體(ti)。面向農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民就(jiu)業(ye)創業(ye)需求,發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)職(zhi)業(ye)技術(shu)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)與技能(neng)培訓,建(jian)設(she)(she)一(yi)批產(chan)教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)融合基地。開(kai)展(zhan)耕讀教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)。加(jia)快發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)面向鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)網絡教(jiao)(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)。加(jia)大(da)涉農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)高(gao)校(xiao)、涉農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)職(zhi)業(ye)院(yuan)校(xiao)、涉農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)學科(ke)專業(ye)建(jian)設(she)(she)力度。全(quan)面推(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)健(jian)康鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設(she)(she),提(ti)升(sheng)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)衛(wei)生(sheng)室標準化(hua)建(jian)設(she)(she)和(he)(he)健(jian)康管(guan)理水平(ping),推(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)醫(yi)生(sheng)向執業(ye)(助理)醫(yi)師轉變,采取(qu)派(pai)駐、巡診(zhen)等(deng)方式提(ti)高(gao)基層衛(wei)生(sheng)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)水平(ping)。提(ti)升(sheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)鎮(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)衛(wei)生(sheng)院(yuan)醫(yi)療服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)能(neng)力,選(xuan)建(jian)一(yi)批中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)衛(wei)生(sheng)院(yuan)。加(jia)強(qiang)縣(xian)(xian)級(ji)醫(yi)院(yuan)建(jian)設(she)(she),持(chi)續提(ti)升(sheng)縣(xian)(xian)級(ji)疾控(kong)機構(gou)應對重(zhong)大(da)疫情及突發(fa)(fa)公(gong)(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)衛(wei)生(sheng)事件(jian)能(neng)力。加(jia)強(qiang)縣(xian)(xian)域(yu)緊密型醫(yi)共(gong)(gong)(gong)體(ti)建(jian)設(she)(she),實(shi)(shi)(shi)行醫(yi)保(bao)總(zong)額預算管(guan)理。加(jia)強(qiang)婦(fu)幼(you)、老(lao)年(nian)人(ren)、殘疾人(ren)等(deng)重(zhong)點人(ren)群健(jian)康服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)。健(jian)全(quan)統(tong)籌城(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)的(de)就(jiu)業(ye)政(zheng)策和(he)(he)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)體(ti)系,推(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)公(gong)(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)就(jiu)業(ye)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)機構(gou)向鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)延伸。深(shen)入實(shi)(shi)(shi)施(shi)新(xin)生(sheng)代(dai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民工職(zhi)業(ye)技能(neng)提(ti)升(sheng)計劃。完善(shan)(shan)統(tong)一(yi)的(de)城(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)居民基本醫(yi)療保(bao)險(xian)制(zhi)(zhi)度,合理提(ti)高(gao)政(zheng)府補助標準和(he)(he)個人(ren)繳費標準,健(jian)全(quan)重(zhong)大(da)疾病醫(yi)療保(bao)險(xian)和(he)(he)救(jiu)助制(zhi)(zhi)度。落(luo)實(shi)(shi)(shi)城(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)居民基本養(yang)(yang)老(lao)保(bao)險(xian)待遇(yu)確(que)定(ding)和(he)(he)正常調整機制(zhi)(zhi)。推(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)城(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)低保(bao)制(zhi)(zhi)度統(tong)籌發(fa)(fa)展(zhan),逐(zhu)步提(ti)高(gao)特困人(ren)員供養(yang)(yang)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)質(zhi)量(liang)(liang)。加(jia)強(qiang)對農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)留守兒(er)童和(he)(he)婦(fu)女、老(lao)年(nian)人(ren)以及困境兒(er)童的(de)關愛服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)。健(jian)全(quan)縣(xian)(xian)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)銜接的(de)三級(ji)養(yang)(yang)老(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)網絡,推(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)級(ji)幸福院(yuan)、日間照料中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)等(deng)養(yang)(yang)老(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)設(she)(she)施(shi)建(jian)設(she)(she),發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)普惠(hui)(hui)型養(yang)(yang)老(lao)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)和(he)(he)互(hu)助性養(yang)(yang)老(lao)。推(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)公(gong)(gong)益性殯葬設(she)(she)施(shi)建(jian)設(she)(she)。推(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)城(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)公(gong)(gong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)文(wen)化(hua)服(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)(wu)體(ti)系一(yi)體(ti)建(jian)設(she)(she),創新(xin)實(shi)(shi)(shi)施(shi)文(wen)化(hua)惠(hui)(hui)民工程。

(十八)全面促進農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)費(fei)(fei)(fei)。加(jia)快(kuai)完(wan)善(shan)縣鄉(xiang)村(cun)三(san)級農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)物(wu)(wu)流體(ti)系,改造提升(sheng)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)寄遞物(wu)(wu)流基(ji)礎設(she)施(shi),深入推進電子商務(wu)(wu)進農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)和農(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)出村(cun)進城(cheng),推動城(cheng)鄉(xiang)生產(chan)與消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)費(fei)(fei)(fei)有(you)效對接。促進農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)居民(min)(min)耐用(yong)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)費(fei)(fei)(fei)品(pin)(pin)更新換代。加(jia)快(kuai)實施(shi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)倉(cang)儲保(bao)鮮(xian)冷鏈(lian)物(wu)(wu)流設(she)施(shi)建設(she)工程(cheng),推進田頭小型倉(cang)儲保(bao)鮮(xian)冷鏈(lian)設(she)施(shi)、產(chan)地低溫直銷配送中心、國家骨(gu)干冷鏈(lian)物(wu)(wu)流基(ji)地建設(she)。完(wan)善(shan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)生活性(xing)服務(wu)(wu)業(ye)支持政策,發(fa)展線上(shang)線下相結合的服務(wu)(wu)網點,推動便利化、精(jing)細化、品(pin)(pin)質化發(fa)展,滿足農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)居民(min)(min)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)費(fei)(fei)(fei)升(sheng)級需要,吸引城(cheng)市居民(min)(min)下鄉(xiang)消(xiao)(xiao)(xiao)費(fei)(fei)(fei)。

(十九)加快縣(xian)(xian)域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)內(nei)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)融合發(fa)(fa)展。推(tui)進(jin)以(yi)人為(wei)(wei)核心(xin)的(de)(de)新型城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)化(hua)(hua),促進(jin)大(da)中小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)和(he)小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)協調發(fa)(fa)展。把縣(xian)(xian)域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)作為(wei)(wei)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)融合發(fa)(fa)展的(de)(de)重(zhong)要切入(ru)點(dian),強(qiang)化(hua)(hua)統(tong)籌(chou)謀(mou)劃和(he)頂層設(she)(she)計,破(po)除城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)分割的(de)(de)體制弊(bi)端,加快打(da)通城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鄉(xiang)(xiang)要素平等交換(huan)、雙向流動的(de)(de)制度性通道。統(tong)籌(chou)縣(xian)(xian)域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)產業(ye)(ye)、基礎(chu)設(she)(she)施(shi)、公(gong)共服務、基本農(nong)田、生態保(bao)護(hu)、城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)開發(fa)(fa)、村(cun)(cun)落分布等空間布局,強(qiang)化(hua)(hua)縣(xian)(xian)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)綜合服務能力(li),把鄉(xiang)(xiang)鎮(zhen)建(jian)設(she)(she)成為(wei)(wei)服務農(nong)民(min)的(de)(de)區域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)中心(xin),實(shi)現(xian)縣(xian)(xian)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)功(gong)能銜(xian)接互補。壯(zhuang)大(da)縣(xian)(xian)域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)經(jing)濟,承接適宜(yi)產業(ye)(ye)轉(zhuan)移,培育支柱產業(ye)(ye)。加快小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)發(fa)(fa)展,完(wan)善基礎(chu)設(she)(she)施(shi)和(he)公(gong)共服務,發(fa)(fa)揮(hui)小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)連接城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)、服務鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)作用(yong)。推(tui)進(jin)以(yi)縣(xian)(xian)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)為(wei)(wei)重(zhong)要載體的(de)(de)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)鎮(zhen)化(hua)(hua)建(jian)設(she)(she),有條件的(de)(de)地(di)(di)區按(an)照小(xiao)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)標準建(jian)設(she)(she)縣(xian)(xian)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)。積(ji)極推(tui)進(jin)擴權強(qiang)鎮(zhen),規劃建(jian)設(she)(she)一批(pi)重(zhong)點(dian)鎮(zhen)。開展鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)全域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)土(tu)地(di)(di)綜合整治試點(dian)。推(tui)動在縣(xian)(xian)域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)就業(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)農(nong)民(min)工就地(di)(di)市(shi)民(min)化(hua)(hua),增加適應進(jin)城(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)農(nong)民(min)剛性需求的(de)(de)住房供給。鼓(gu)勵(li)地(di)(di)方(fang)建(jian)設(she)(she)返鄉(xiang)(xiang)入(ru)鄉(xiang)(xiang)創業(ye)(ye)園和(he)孵化(hua)(hua)實(shi)訓基地(di)(di)。

(二十(shi))強化農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)優(you)(you)先發(fa)展投入(ru)保(bao)(bao)障。繼(ji)續把農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)作為(wei)一般公共(gong)預(yu)算優(you)(you)先保(bao)(bao)障領域(yu)。中(zhong)央預(yu)算內(nei)投資(zi)進一步向農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)傾斜。制定落實提(ti)高(gao)土地(di)(di)出讓收(shou)益用(yong)于農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)比(bi)例考(kao)核辦法(fa),確(que)保(bao)(bao)按(an)規(gui)定提(ti)高(gao)用(yong)于農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)的(de)(de)比(bi)例。各地(di)(di)區各部門要進一步完(wan)善(shan)涉(she)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)資(zi)金(jin)(jin)統(tong)籌整合長(chang)效機(ji)(ji)(ji)制。支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)地(di)(di)方(fang)政(zheng)府發(fa)行(xing)(xing)一般債券和(he)(he)專項(xiang)債券用(yong)于現代(dai)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)設(she)(she)施(shi)建設(she)(she)和(he)(he)鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建設(she)(she)行(xing)(xing)動(dong),制定出臺操作指引,做好(hao)高(gao)質(zhi)量(liang)項(xiang)目儲備(bei)工作。發(fa)揮財(cai)政(zheng)投入(ru)引領作用(yong),支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)以市場化方(fang)式設(she)(she)立(li)鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)基金(jin)(jin),撬動(dong)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)資(zi)本(ben)、社會力(li)量(liang)參與,重(zhong)點(dian)支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)產業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)發(fa)展。堅持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)為(wei)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)服務宗旨,持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)續深化農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)改(gai)革。運用(yong)支(zhi)(zhi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)支(zhi)(zhi)小(xiao)再(zai)貸(dai)款、再(zai)貼現等(deng)政(zheng)策工具(ju),實施(shi)*優(you)(you)惠(hui)的(de)(de)存款準(zhun)備(bei)金(jin)(jin)率,加(jia)大對(dui)機(ji)(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)法(fa)人在(zai)縣域(yu)、業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)務在(zai)縣域(yu)的(de)(de)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)機(ji)(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)的(de)(de)支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)力(li)度(du),推動(dong)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)機(ji)(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)回歸本(ben)源。鼓(gu)勵銀行(xing)(xing)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)機(ji)(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)建立(li)服務鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)的(de)(de)內(nei)設(she)(she)機(ji)(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)。明確(que)地(di)(di)方(fang)政(zheng)府監(jian)(jian)管(guan)和(he)(he)風險(xian)處置責任(ren),穩妥規(gui)范開展農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民合作社內(nei)部信(xin)(xin)用(yong)合作試(shi)點(dian)。保(bao)(bao)持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)信(xin)(xin)用(yong)合作社等(deng)縣域(yu)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)機(ji)(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)法(fa)人地(di)(di)位和(he)(he)數(shu)(shu)量(liang)總體(ti)(ti)穩定,做好(hao)監(jian)(jian)督管(guan)理、風險(xian)化解(jie)、深化改(gai)革工作。完(wan)善(shan)涉(she)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)機(ji)(ji)(ji)構(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)治理結構(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)和(he)(he)內(nei)控機(ji)(ji)(ji)制,強化金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)監(jian)(jian)管(guan)部門的(de)(de)監(jian)(jian)管(guan)責任(ren)。支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)市縣構(gou)(gou)(gou)(gou)建域(yu)內(nei)共(gong)享的(de)(de)涉(she)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)信(xin)(xin)用(yong)信(xin)(xin)息數(shu)(shu)據庫,用(yong)3年(nian)時間基本(ben)建成比(bi)較完(wan)善(shan)的(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)型農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)經營主(zhu)體(ti)(ti)信(xin)(xin)用(yong)體(ti)(ti)系。發(fa)展農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)數(shu)(shu)字(zi)普惠(hui)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)。大力(li)開展農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)戶小(xiao)額信(xin)(xin)用(yong)貸(dai)款、保(bao)(bao)單(dan)質(zhi)押貸(dai)款、農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)機(ji)(ji)(ji)具(ju)和(he)(he)大棚設(she)(she)施(shi)抵押貸(dai)款業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)務。鼓(gu)勵開發(fa)專屬金(jin)(jin)融(rong)(rong)(rong)產品支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)新(xin)(xin)型農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)經營主(zhu)體(ti)(ti)和(he)(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)新(xin)(xin)產業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)新(xin)(xin)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)態,增加(jia)首(shou)貸(dai)、信(xin)(xin)用(yong)貸(dai)。加(jia)大對(dui)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)基礎設(she)(she)施(shi)投融(rong)(rong)(rong)資(zi)的(de)(de)中(zhong)長(chang)期信(xin)(xin)貸(dai)支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)。加(jia)強對(dui)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)信(xin)(xin)貸(dai)擔保(bao)(bao)放(fang)大倍數(shu)(shu)的(de)(de)量(liang)化考(kao)核,提(ti)高(gao)農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)信(xin)(xin)貸(dai)擔保(bao)(bao)規(gui)模。將地(di)(di)方(fang)優(you)(you)勢特色農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)產品保(bao)(bao)險(xian)以獎代(dai)補做法(fa)逐步擴大到全國。健(jian)全農(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)再(zai)保(bao)(bao)險(xian)制度(du)。發(fa)揮“保(bao)(bao)險(xian)+期貨”在(zai)服務鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)產業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)發(fa)展中(zhong)的(de)(de)作用(yong)。

(二(er)十一(yi)(yi))深入(ru)(ru)推(tui)進農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)改(gai)(gai)(gai)革。完善(shan)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)產(chan)權(quan)(quan)制(zhi)(zhi)度和要素(su)市場化配置機(ji)制(zhi)(zhi),充分(fen)激發農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)內生動力。堅持(chi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)土地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)所有(you)(you)制(zhi)(zhi)不(bu)(bu)動搖(yao),堅持(chi)家庭承包經營(ying)(ying)基礎性(xing)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)位不(bu)(bu)動搖(yao),有(you)(you)序開展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)第二(er)輪土地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)承包到期后(hou)再延長30年試點(dian),保(bao)持(chi)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)土地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)承包關系(xi)穩定(ding)并長久不(bu)(bu)變(bian),健全(quan)土地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)經營(ying)(ying)權(quan)(quan)流轉(zhuan)服務(wu)體(ti)(ti)(ti)系(xi)。積極探索實施農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)經營(ying)(ying)性(xing)建(jian)設用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)入(ru)(ru)市制(zhi)(zhi)度。完善(shan)盤活(huo)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)存量建(jian)設用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)政策,實行(xing)負面清單管(guan)理(li),優先保(bao)障鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)產(chan)業(ye)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)、鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)設用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)。根據鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)休(xiu)閑觀光等產(chan)業(ye)分(fen)散布(bu)局(ju)的實際需(xu)要,探索靈活(huo)多樣的供(gong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)新(xin)方式。加(jia)(jia)強(qiang)宅基地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)管(guan)理(li),穩慎推(tui)進農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)宅基地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)制(zhi)(zhi)度改(gai)(gai)(gai)革試點(dian),探索宅基地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)所有(you)(you)權(quan)(quan)、資格權(quan)(quan)、使(shi)用(yong)(yong)權(quan)(quan)分(fen)置有(you)(you)效實現形式。規(gui)范開展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)房(fang)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)(ti)宅基地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)日(ri)常登記頒證工(gong)作。規(gui)范開展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)城鄉(xiang)建(jian)設用(yong)(yong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)增減掛鉤,完善(shan)審(shen)批(pi)實施程序、節余指(zhi)標調(diao)劑及(ji)收(shou)益分(fen)配機(ji)制(zhi)(zhi)。2021年基本完成(cheng)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)產(chan)權(quan)(quan)制(zhi)(zhi)度改(gai)(gai)(gai)革階段性(xing)任務(wu),發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)壯大新(xin)型農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)經濟。保(bao)障進城落戶農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)土地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)承包權(quan)(quan)、宅基地(di)(di)(di)(di)(di)使(shi)用(yong)(yong)權(quan)(quan)、集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)收(shou)益分(fen)配權(quan)(quan),研(yan)究制(zhi)(zhi)定(ding)依法(fa)自(zi)愿有(you)(you)償轉(zhuan)讓的具體(ti)(ti)(ti)辦法(fa)。加(jia)(jia)強(qiang)農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)產(chan)權(quan)(quan)流轉(zhuan)交(jiao)易(yi)和管(guan)理(li)信息(xi)網絡平臺(tai)建(jian)設,提供(gong)綜合性(xing)交(jiao)易(yi)服務(wu)。加(jia)(jia)快農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)綜合行(xing)政執法(fa)信息(xi)化建(jian)設。深入(ru)(ru)推(tui)進農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)水價綜合改(gai)(gai)(gai)革。繼(ji)續深化農(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)集(ji)體(ti)(ti)(ti)林權(quan)(quan)制(zhi)(zhi)度改(gai)(gai)(gai)革。

五、加強黨對“三農(nong)”工作(zuo)的(de)全面領導

(二十二)強化五(wu)級(ji)書記(ji)抓(zhua)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)機制(zhi)。全面推進鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興的(de)(de)(de)深度(du)(du)、廣度(du)(du)、難(nan)度(du)(du)都(dou)不亞于脫貧(pin)(pin)攻堅,必須(xu)采取(qu)更(geng)有力的(de)(de)(de)舉(ju)措,匯聚更(geng)強大(da)的(de)(de)(de)力量。要(yao)(yao)(yao)深入(ru)貫(guan)徹落(luo)實《中(zhong)國(guo)共產黨(dang)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)條(tiao)例(li)》,健全中(zhong)央(yang)統籌、省負總責、市縣(xian)鄉(xiang)(xiang)抓(zhua)落(luo)實的(de)(de)(de)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)領導(dao)(dao)體制(zhi),將脫貧(pin)(pin)攻堅工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)中(zhong)形成的(de)(de)(de)組織(zhi)推動、要(yao)(yao)(yao)素保障、政(zheng)策(ce)支(zhi)持、協作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)幫扶、考(kao)核督(du)導(dao)(dao)等工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)機制(zhi),根據實際需要(yao)(yao)(yao)運用(yong)到推進鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興,建(jian)(jian)立健全上下貫(guan)通、精(jing)準施(shi)策(ce)、一抓(zhua)到底的(de)(de)(de)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)體系(xi)。省、市、縣(xian)級(ji)黨(dang)委(wei)要(yao)(yao)(yao)定期研究鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)。縣(xian)委(wei)書記(ji)應當把主要(yao)(yao)(yao)精(jing)力放在“三農”工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)上。建(jian)(jian)立鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興聯(lian)系(xi)點(dian)制(zhi)度(du)(du),省、市、縣(xian)級(ji)黨(dang)委(wei)和政(zheng)府負責同志都(dou)要(yao)(yao)(yao)確定聯(lian)系(xi)點(dian)。開展縣(xian)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)三級(ji)黨(dang)組織(zhi)書記(ji)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興輪訓。加強黨(dang)對鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)人(ren)才工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)領導(dao)(dao),將鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)人(ren)才振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興納入(ru)黨(dang)委(wei)人(ren)才工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)總體部署,健全適合鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)特點(dian)的(de)(de)(de)人(ren)才培養機制(zhi),強化人(ren)才服務鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)激勵約束。加快建(jian)(jian)設政(zheng)治(zhi)過硬(ying)、本領過硬(ying)、作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)風過硬(ying)的(de)(de)(de)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興干部隊(dui)伍,選(xuan)派優(you)秀干部到鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興一線(xian)崗位,把鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)(zhen)興作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)為培養鍛煉(lian)干部的(de)(de)(de)廣闊舞臺,對在艱(jian)苦地區(qu)、關(guan)鍵崗位工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)表現突出(chu)的(de)(de)(de)干部優(you)先重用(yong)。

(二(er)十三(san))加(jia)強黨委(wei)農(nong)村工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)領(ling)導(dao)小(xiao)組(zu)和工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)機構建設。充分(fen)(fen)發揮(hui)各(ge)級黨委(wei)農(nong)村工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)領(ling)導(dao)小(xiao)組(zu)牽頭(tou)抓總、統(tong)籌協調作(zuo)(zuo)用,成員(yuan)單(dan)位(wei)出臺(tai)重(zhong)要涉農(nong)政策要征求黨委(wei)農(nong)村工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)領(ling)導(dao)小(xiao)組(zu)意見并進(jin)行備案。各(ge)地要圍繞“五大(da)振興”目標任(ren)務,設立由黨委(wei)和政府負(fu)責同志(zhi)領(ling)導(dao)的專項小(xiao)組(zu)或工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)專班,建立落實臺(tai)賬,壓(ya)實工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)責任(ren)。強化黨委(wei)農(nong)村工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)領(ling)導(dao)小(xiao)組(zu)辦公(gong)室(shi)決策參謀、統(tong)籌協調、政策指(zhi)導(dao)、推動落實、督促檢查(cha)等(deng)職(zhi)能,每年分(fen)(fen)解(jie)“三(san)農(nong)”工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)重(zhong)點任(ren)務,落實到各(ge)責任(ren)部門,定(ding)期調度工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)進(jin)展(zhan)。加(jia)強黨委(wei)農(nong)村工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)領(ling)導(dao)小(xiao)組(zu)辦公(gong)室(shi)機構設置和人員(yuan)配置。

(二十(shi)四)加(jia)(jia)強(qiang)黨(dang)(dang)的(de)(de)(de)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)層(ceng)組(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)織(zhi)建設(she)和鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)治(zhi)理(li)。充分發揮農村(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)層(ceng)黨(dang)(dang)組(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)織(zhi)領導作(zuo)用(yong),持(chi)續抓黨(dang)(dang)建促(cu)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振興。有序(xu)開(kai)展鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)鎮(zhen)、村(cun)(cun)(cun)集中換屆,選(xuan)優配強(qiang)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)鎮(zhen)領導班子、村(cun)(cun)(cun)“兩委”成員(yuan)(yuan)特別是村(cun)(cun)(cun)黨(dang)(dang)組(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)織(zhi)書記。在有條(tiao)件的(de)(de)(de)地(di)方積(ji)極推行村(cun)(cun)(cun)黨(dang)(dang)組(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)織(zhi)書記通(tong)過法定(ding)程序(xu)擔任(ren)村(cun)(cun)(cun)民委員(yuan)(yuan)會(hui)(hui)(hui)主任(ren),因(yin)地(di)制宜、不搞“一(yi)刀切”。與(yu)換屆同步選(xuan)優配強(qiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)務(wu)監(jian)督委員(yuan)(yuan)會(hui)(hui)(hui)成員(yuan)(yuan),基(ji)層(ceng)紀檢監(jian)察組(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)織(zhi)加(jia)(jia)強(qiang)與(yu)村(cun)(cun)(cun)務(wu)監(jian)督委員(yuan)(yuan)會(hui)(hui)(hui)的(de)(de)(de)溝通(tong)協作(zuo)、有效銜接(jie)。堅(jian)(jian)決(jue)懲治(zhi)侵害農民利益的(de)(de)(de)腐(fu)敗行為(wei)。堅(jian)(jian)持(chi)和完善向重(zhong)點鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)選(xuan)派駐村(cun)(cun)(cun)第一(yi)書記和工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)隊(dui)制度。加(jia)(jia)大(da)在優秀(xiu)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)青年中發展黨(dang)(dang)員(yuan)(yuan)力度,加(jia)(jia)強(qiang)對(dui)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)基(ji)層(ceng)干(gan)部(bu)激(ji)勵關懷(huai),提高工(gong)(gong)資補助(zhu)待遇,改善工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)生(sheng)活(huo)條(tiao)件,切實(shi)幫助(zhu)解(jie)決(jue)實(shi)際困(kun)難。推進村(cun)(cun)(cun)委會(hui)(hui)(hui)規(gui)范化(hua)建設(she)和村(cun)(cun)(cun)務(wu)公(gong)開(kai)“陽光工(gong)(gong)程”。開(kai)展鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)治(zhi)理(li)試點示范創建工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)。創建民主法治(zhi)示范村(cun)(cun)(cun),培育農村(cun)(cun)(cun)學法用(yong)法示范戶(hu)。加(jia)(jia)強(qiang)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)人民調解(jie)組(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)織(zhi)隊(dui)伍建設(she),推動就地(di)化(hua)解(jie)矛盾糾紛。深入推進平安(an)鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)建設(she)。建立健(jian)全(quan)農村(cun)(cun)(cun)地(di)區掃黑除惡常態化(hua)機制。加(jia)(jia)強(qiang)縣鄉(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)應急管理(li)和消防安(an)全(quan)體系建設(she),做好(hao)對(dui)自然(ran)災害、公(gong)共衛生(sheng)、安(an)全(quan)隱患等重(zhong)大(da)事件的(de)(de)(de)風險評估、監(jian)測(ce)預警、應急處置。

(二十五)加強新(xin)(xin)時代農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)精(jing)神文明(ming)(ming)建(jian)設。弘(hong)揚(yang)和踐行社會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)核心價值觀,以農(nong)民(min)群眾(zhong)喜聞樂見的(de)方式,深(shen)(shen)入開(kai)展(zhan)習近平新(xin)(xin)時代中(zhong)國特色社會(hui)(hui)主(zhu)義(yi)思想學習教(jiao)育。拓展(zhan)新(xin)(xin)時代文明(ming)(ming)實踐中(zhong)心建(jian)設,深(shen)(shen)化群眾(zhong)性(xing)精(jing)神文明(ming)(ming)創建(jian)活(huo)動(dong)。建(jian)強用好(hao)縣級融媒體中(zhong)心。在鄉(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)深(shen)(shen)入開(kai)展(zhan)“聽黨(dang)話、感黨(dang)恩、跟黨(dang)走”宣講活(huo)動(dong)。深(shen)(shen)入挖掘、繼承創新(xin)(xin)優秀傳統鄉(xiang)土(tu)文化,把保護傳承和開(kai)發利用結合起(qi)來,賦予中(zhong)華農(nong)耕文明(ming)(ming)新(xin)(xin)的(de)時代內涵。持續推(tui)進(jin)農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)移風(feng)易俗,推(tui)廣積(ji)分制(zhi)、道德評(ping)議會(hui)(hui)、紅白(bai)理(li)事會(hui)(hui)等做法(fa),加大高價彩禮、人情攀比、厚葬(zang)薄養(yang)、鋪張浪費(fei)、封建(jian)迷信等不良(liang)風(feng)氣(qi)治理(li),推(tui)動(dong)形成(cheng)文明(ming)(ming)鄉(xiang)風(feng)、良(liang)好(hao)家風(feng)、淳樸民(min)風(feng)。加大對農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)非(fei)法(fa)宗教(jiao)活(huo)動(dong)和境外滲(shen)透活(huo)動(dong)的(de)打擊(ji)力度,依法(fa)制(zhi)止利用宗教(jiao)干預農(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)公共事務。辦好(hao)中(zhong)國農(nong)民(min)豐收節。

(二(er)十六)健全鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)考(kao)(kao)核(he)落(luo)實(shi)機制。各省(sheng)(自治區、直轄(xia)市(shi))黨委和(he)(he)(he)政府每年(nian)向黨中央、國務院報告實(shi)施鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)戰略進展情況。對(dui)市(shi)縣(xian)黨政領導(dao)班子(zi)和(he)(he)(he)領導(dao)干(gan)部(bu)開(kai)展鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)實(shi)績(ji)考(kao)(kao)核(he),納(na)入(ru)(ru)黨政領導(dao)班子(zi)和(he)(he)(he)領導(dao)干(gan)部(bu)綜合考(kao)(kao)核(he)評價內(nei)容,加(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)考(kao)(kao)核(he)結果應用,注重提拔使用鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)實(shi)績(ji)突出的市(shi)縣(xian)黨政領導(dao)干(gan)部(bu)。對(dui)考(kao)(kao)核(he)排(pai)名(ming)落(luo)后、履職不力的市(shi)縣(xian)黨委和(he)(he)(he)政府主要負責同志進行(xing)約談(tan),建立(li)常態化(hua)約談(tan)機制。將(jiang)鞏固(gu)拓展脫(tuo)貧攻堅成(cheng)果納(na)入(ru)(ru)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)考(kao)(kao)核(he)。強(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)督查(cha)(cha),創新完(wan)善(shan)督查(cha)(cha)方(fang)式(shi),及時發現和(he)(he)(he)解決存(cun)在的問題,推(tui)動政策舉措落(luo)實(shi)落(luo)地。持續糾治形式(shi)主義(yi)、官僚主義(yi),將(jiang)減輕村(cun)(cun)(cun)級組織不合理負擔納(na)入(ru)(ru)中央基層減負督查(cha)(cha)重點內(nei)容。堅持實(shi)事求是、依法行(xing)政,把(ba)握好農村(cun)(cun)(cun)各項工(gong)作的時度效。加(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)宣傳工(gong)作,在全社會營造共同推(tui)進鄉(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)(cun)(cun)振(zhen)興(xing)的濃(nong)厚氛圍。

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